6 Achieve universal primary education

Tracking Progress

Net enrolment of children in primary education increased from 80% in 1990 to 102% in 2009, supported by the increased construction of schools, the removal of school fees in 2002 and the adoption of Free Basic Education and Re-entry Policies. Such policies also favoured an increase of 27.7 percentage points in primary school completion rates, from 64% in 1990 to 91.7% in 2009. The primary education target of 100% has already been attained. The main challenges at present are adult literacy, which declined from 79% in 1990 to 70% in 2004, and the low completion rate in secondary school (despite its increase from 14.4% in 2002 to 19.4% in 2009). The emphasis needs to be on the quality of education, achieving higher completion rates for girls in secondary education and improving access to post-secondary education and skills training.


Targets for MDG2
  1. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
    • Net enrolment ratio in primary education
    • Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary
    • Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men