6 Promote gender equality and empower women

Where we are

With regards to gender parity in education, the ratio of girls to boys in primary education improved from 0.90 in 1990 Progress Report 2011 to 0.96 in 2009. In secondary school this rate decreased from 0.92 in 1990 to 0.88 in 2009. On women’s representation in parliament, Zambia’s percentage at 14% in 2009 is low relative to the MDG and SADC target of 30%. This figure has been on a gradual rise from 6.7% in 1991, and requires affirmative action to reach the target. Early marriage, teenage pregnancy, HIV/AIDS and cultural and social factors that deter girls and women from actively participating in the political life of their communities need to be addressed to see further progress towards this MDG target. School and community sensitization to change attitudes and behaviours, together with investments in women’s education, equal pay for equal work as well as increased access to financing, entrepreneurship skills and asset ownership by women will go a long way towards this end.

UNDP's work in Zambia

Targets for MDG3
  1. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
    • Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
    • Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
    • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament