Supporting Zambia to integrate the agricultural sectors into National Adaptation Plans (NAPs)

About the Project

Zambia’s NAPA highlights that communities are vulnerable to drought, flooding, extreme temperatures and prolonged dry spells. Rural livelihoods are threatened by resulting crop failures and degraded food and water security systems. In the last two decades, yields for crops such as maize have been severely affected by extreme drought, flooding and rainfall deficits. This proposed project builds on the findings of Zambia’s NAPA as well as the existing UNDP’s LDCF Climate Change Adaptation project and FAO’s EPIC programme (see below) to bring these agricultural sector considerations into medium and long-term planning.


National and sectoral planning processes are crucial to identify national development priorities and ensure budgeting and implementation of activities. Given that likely adverse effects of climate change on development goals, especially those concerning poverty reduction, exclusion and inequality, countries have begun to integrate requirements for risk management into existing planning and budgeting processes in the hope of advancing integrated solutions. At present, however, these processes in many, if not all, developing countries have not fully integrated climate change risks and opportunities in a comprehensive and sustained manner, and in particular at sector levels. Rather, efforts have been ad-hoc and one-off, rather than systematic and accommodating the need to iteratively revisit and update development plans and budgets as information, capacities and understanding of climate change impacts and adaptation improve and the development baseline changes over time.


The National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process was established under the Cancun Adaptation Framework to promote political and financial support at the national level for countries to mainstream climate change into development planning. At the 17th Conference of the Parties (COP-17) in Durban, Parties adopted initial guidelines and principles for the NAP process. In addition, relevant organizations were requested to submit information on their support of the NAP process and to consider the establishment of NAP support programmes according to their respective mandates.  

Implementing Partners: Ministry of Agriculture and FAO

Expected Project Outcomes

Strengthening technical capacities and institutions on NAPs: Policy and technical staff in key ministries including Agriculture, Environment and Planning, Finance, meteorological agencies, disaster management authorities, as well as key institutions in local government will be strengthened to mainstream climate change risks and opportunities into the agriculture sector. Existing methods and tools will be employed for officers to i) understand the implications of climate change on the agriculture sectors and others; ii) build capacities on how to compile and use data and tools for decision making processes at the sector level; iii) to incorporate key priorities for climate change risk management within the existing planning and budgeting process at the national and sub-national level.

Developing Integrated roadmaps for NAPs: Formulation of NAP that addresses priorities of the agriculture sector through strengthening and institutionalizing planning processes. Each country will develop, in the context of their NAP process, a roadmap for incorporating economically viable adaptation options for the agriculture sector over the medium and long-term.

Improving evidence-based results for NAPs: Develop and introduce an impact monitoring framework for the agriculture sector that will generate evidence based results of adaptation options based on quasi-experimental design principles used in impact evaluation frameworks in many disciplines (but catered to adaptation). The results from the application of the framework will serve as an input into the policy dialogue on national adaptation planning.

Promote advocacy and knowledge-sharing on NAPs: Enhance the exchange of lessons on integrating climate change risks and adaptation measures into sectoral and national development plans within countries, including their relevance for ecosystem based adaptation, as well as across countries through south-south and triangular cooperation, including within the UNFCCC process.

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