Health National Adaptation Plan to Climate Change
Jul 16, 2019
Climate change and variability poses a challenge to sustainable human development. The effects of climate change on human health are a result of interactions of environmental, social and health system conditions. Addressing the effects from climate change requires adaptation. In order to help the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), which are the most affected, adapt to climate change and variability, in the medium and long term, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) recommends that countries draw up their national adaptation plans (NAPs.) The NAP is a multi-sectoral process to which each socio-economic sector in a nation’s developmental agenda inputs.
The health sector is highly sensitive to climate change, and to ensure that the health of populations is protected from the effects of climate change, it is imperative to include a health component (the HNAP) in the NAP. Zambia recognises the negative impact of climate change on the development goals of the country and the need to respond to this threat. The government reects this in the Seventh National Development Plan (7NDP) and other policy pronouncements: National Disaster Management Policy and National Climate Change Policy.
This document is the health national adaptation plan (HNAP) for Zambia. It presents the results of a national consultative process to identify climate risks and adaptation measures relevant to the health sector and also sets out the road map to the implementation of the HNAP.